Holy Face of Jesus: February 2010 Archives

It is Thy Face, O Lord, that I seek

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John Paul II and the Holy Face

When the history of the pontificate of the Servant of God, the Venerable John Paul II is written by a generation to come, there is no doubt that his insistent and consistent focus on the Face of Christ will emerge as a grand spiritual theme, a recurrent motif, and, a spiritual gift to the Church. Over the years of his long pontificate, John Paul II's personal fascination with the Holy Face of Jesus became a pastoral imperative. Already in 2001, he drew the eyes of the Church to the Face of Christ. At the closing of the Holy Door on January 6th of that year he said: "Christianity is born, and continually draws new life from this contemplation of the glory of God shining on the face of Christ."

Growth in Holiness

Linked to the mystery of the Face of Christ and, for John Paul II, inseparable from it, is growth in holiness: "May the Lord grant that in the new millennium, the Church will grow ever more in holiness, that she may become in history a true epiphany of the merciful and glorious face of Christ the Lord."

Universal Call to Holiness

In Novo Millennio Ineunte, Pope John Paul II developed his teaching on the Face of Christ. Clearly, for John Paul II, this is more than another devotion proposed to the piety of the faithful. It is, rather, a way of presenting and living the whole of the Christian life, a way of responding to what the Second Vatican Council in Lumen Gentium presented forty years ago as "the universal call to holiness." Karol Wojtyla was a bishop of the Second Vatican Council; as bishop of Rome, he sought to deepen and develop the central intuitions and core teachings of that Council. His call to contemplation of the Face of Christ is fully intelligible only within that context and in relation to the Council's universal call to holiness. Holiness is a simple adhesion to the designs and desires of the Heart of Christ on us, a "yes" to what the Heart of Christ has reserved for us, a "yes" to what the Heart of Christ would give us at every moment.

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The Holy Face and the Sacred Heart

The designs and desires of the Sacred Heart of Jesus are revealed on his Face. One who loves Christ learns to read on his Face the secrets of his Heart. Only in the seventeenth century did the iconography of the Sacred Heart begin to depict the physical organ of Jesus' heart exposed, surrounded by thorns, and radiant with the flames of love. The more ancient depictions of the Heart of Christ honoured its hiddenness, its mystery, by showing only the wound opened by the soldier's lance while leaving the Heart itself enclosed in the crucified or glorious flesh of Christ. The open wound was in itself an invitation to press beyond it, to cross its threshold as one would pass through a door, to make one's dwelling in the inner sanctuary of the Sacred Heart, but the Heart itself remained hidden.

The secrets of the Heart of Christ were, in the older iconographic traditions, revealed on the Face of Christ. One discovered the "mystery" of the Heart by contemplating the Face. Mother Marie des Douleurs, foundress of the Benedictines of Jesus Crucified, said this clearly: "We must discover on this Face the revelation of the secrets of his Heart," and in another place, "All the zeal of the Heart of Jesus, all his works, and all his agony can be read on his Face." Pope John Paul II's invitation to become contemplatives of the Face of Christ, remains a graced opportunity to reclaim and retrieve another iconographic tradition of the Sacred Heart: that of the Face of Christ as the revelation of the secrets of his hidden Heart.

Seek His Face

In the light of the Holy Father's consistent and insistent focus on the "Face of Christ" we begin to understand that he is, in fact, proposing not a devotion, but a way of responding to the call to holiness that is wonderfully adapted to every state of life, but essential to monastic life. At the heart of every vocation lies the mystery of a personal relationship with Jesus Christ, a relationship best described in terms of an encounter "face to face," and of perseverance in seeking the Face that first sought us. "Of Thee my heart has spoken: 'Seek his face.' It is Thy face, O Lord, that I seek; hide not Thy face" (Ps 26:8-9). The Holy Face is the countenance of the Word Incarnate. Jesus calls souls in every state of life to live with their eyes fixed on Him, so as to discover on his Face the revelation of the secrets of his Heart.

Distinctively Benedictine

There is in this focus on the Holy Face of Christ something that is distinctively Benedictine. Saint Benedict would have the newcomer to the monastery tested to see if he "sincerely seeks God" (RB LVIII:7). The search for God begins and ends in the mystery of the Holy Face of Christ.

Lent

Could this not be our Lenten program in this year 2010: to seek and contemplate the Face of Christ? The Face of Christ hidden and revealed in the Scriptures, the Face of Christ hidden and revealed in the Most Holy Eucharist, the Face of Christ hidden and revealed in one another; the Face of Christ in anyone who suffers. If in every event and circumstance we say instinctively, and from the heart, "It is Thy face, O Lord, that I seek" (Ps 26:8), we will find our own faces -- and our hearts -- transformed.

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In Rome and in other places, Shrove Tuesday is observed as the Feast of the Holy Face of Jesus. In 2007 I had the privilege of concelebrating a Solemn Mass in honour of the Holy Face of Jesus at the Roman Church of Santo Spirito in Sassia with His Eminence, Fiorenzo Cardinal Angelini.

Masses in honour of the Holy Face appeared as early as the fourteenth century. In 1958 Pope Pius XII approved the observance of a feast of the Holy Face of Jesus on Shrove Tuesday. At Manoppello, the feast of the Holy Face is celebrated on August 6th, the Transfiguration of the Lord. The Benedictines of Jesus Crucified honoured the Holy Face with the Litanies sung in procession on the Sunday After Ascension.

The present Mass of the Holy Face of Jesus for Shrove Tuesday was approved by the Holy See in 1986. A flash of paschal glory before beginning Lent! Here are the Proper Mass texts of the Mass in English. The translation is my own.

About Dom Mark

Dom Mark Daniel Kirby is Conventual Prior of Silverstream Priory in Stamullen, County Meath, Ireland. The ecclesial mandate of his Benedictine community is the adoration of the Most Holy Sacrament of the Altar in a spirit of reparation, and in intercession for the sanctification of priests.

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